Dementia is not a single disease. This progressive brain disease is not due to aging, but it is due to brain damage. It causes impairment of at least two brain functions like as memory loss and judgment. This decline in the mental ability interferes with everyday life. Alzheimer’s is the most common dementia type that accounts for about 60 to 80 percent of cases.
Many diseases can cause dementia, and mainly these disorders are related to the abnormal build-up of proteins in the brain. It leads to the deterioration in the functioning of the nerve cells, and they finally die. Due to the death of nerve cells, diverse areas of the brain shrink.
It affects three areas of the brain:
Just remember that many cases of dementia are caused due to the disorder and can’t be reversed. In some cases, drug and alcohol abuse cause dementia. In those cases, it can be possible to ‘fix’ the brain damage.
Stage 1: No Cognitive Decline
In this stage, the individual functions normally, is mentally healthy, and has no memory loss.
Stage 2: Very mild cognitive decline
It is the normal forgetfulness related to the aging.
Stage 3: Mild cognitive decline
It includes slight problems in concentrating, increased memory loss, lowered work performance. In fact, the patients may get lost more frequently and face difficulty in finding the right words. The average duration of this stage is not known yet.
Stage 4: Moderate Cognitive Decline
It includes difficulty in traveling solo in the new places, reduced focus, problems in managing finances. The person may not be able to complete the complicated task effectively or correctly. They also withdraw communication from the beloved friends or family. The average duration of this stage is two years.
Stage 5: Moderately Severe Cognitive Decline
The patients in this stage have primary memory issues and need the help of someone to complete their everyday tasks. The average duration of this stage is 1.5 years.
Stage 6: Severe Cognitive Decline (or Middle Dementia)
People in stage 5 needs help to carry out their daily activities. They tend to forget the names of their closes family members and do not remember even the recent events. However, a lot of people can remember the details of their past life. They do not even count from one to ten. Loss of bowel or bladder control is another issue that arises during this stage. There are personality or emotional changes, increase in the anxiety that occurs. Moreover, the person’s ability to speak decline. The average duration of this stage is 2.5 years.
Stage 7: Very Severe Cognitive Decline (or Late Dementia)
When the loved one reaches the late stage of dementia (also known as end-stage dementia or advanced dementia), the symptoms become more severe. The person does not speak and communicate with anyone. They lose psychomotor skills. And also need assistance with most of the common activities. The average duration of this stage is 1.5 to 2.5 years.
Symptoms of late dementia:
-Loss of facial expression
-Unable to speak
-Unable to sit or walk with help
-Issues with daily activities
Life Expectancies by Dementia Type:
a) Alzheimer’s Disease -10 years following diagnosis
b) Dementia with Lewy Bodies- 2 to 8 years following pronounced signs
c) Vascular dementia- 5 years following diagnosis
How Dementia Causes Death?
The individual in the late stage of dementia is at the high risk of complications such as pneumonia and urinary tract infection. Difficulty in eating and drinking and swallowing results in weight loss, malnutrition, and dehydration. It further increases their susceptibility to the infection. Finally, the person dies of the complications. However, it is vital to note that dementia itself is lethal.
Early Symptoms of Dementia
If the dementia is diagnosed early, there are chances that the medication will slow down the damage. Early onset symptoms typically affect people in their 50’s and early 60’s. As it is a progressive neurological disorder, so there are plenty of symptoms stages.
-Memory issues, mainly remembering recent events
-Loss of ability to perform daily tasks
-Lack of interest and withdrawal
– Failing sense of direction
-Struggling to adapt to change
-Changes in mood
-Struggling to find the right words
-Fail to manage a budget
-Difficulty in conversation
-Putting things in the wrong place
Dementia mainly affects the nerve cells in the brain that can occur in several regions of the brain. It affects people differently depending on the area of the brain affected.
-Lewy body dementia
-Any brain damage due to stroke or injury
-Deficiency of Vitamin B12
Natural Remedies to Reverse Dementia:
The microdilation properties in salvia hike the blood flow in the different areas of the brain that declines the cognition and memory. This herbs boost microcirculation, slow blood clotting, and dilate blood vessels.
This magical yellow powder posses anti-inflammatory properties that can be helpful to cope with the symptoms of dementia. It is also an active ingredient in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine. It boosts the overall cognitive functioning of the brain by blocking the creation of beta-amyloid (which is the source of plaque in the brain) that triggers the problems of dementia. You can use this wonderful spice to bring flavor to your dishes.
Kale is popular for folates and carotenoids that poses a significant effect on the overall health. It also minimizes the homocysteine levels in the bodies that can result in brain damage. You can include them to your everyday diet for a healthy mind and body.
This green leafy veggie is not only helpful in lowering the risk of dementia but also boost your memory.
This fruit is not used just for decoration purposes, but it also offers endless health benefits as well. It is rich in essential nutrients, potassium, fiber, vitamin B3 and vitamin E that are important to cognitive health. The phytonutrients present in the pumpkins protect your brain and fights dementia.
The fish oil is derived from the tissues of the oily fish that are rich in the omega-3 fatty acids. Many studies have shown that it guards against Alzheimer’s and help the person to get rid of the cognitive impairment. It is full of antioxidants and boosts the blood circulation in the patients. Omega-3 also lowers the beta-amyloid plaque, thus helpful in preventing Alzheimer’s.
This Chinese herb has been used since centuries to prevent various health disorders. The back ginseng guards against ischemia-induced neuronal, vascular dementia, and cognitive impairment.
Bananas are an excellent source of fiber and offer an instant boost in the energy. Potassium is essential for the transmission of messages from the brain, and the high potassium in this fruit is improves memory and focus.
Cinnamon is the most common ingredients in the South Asian dishes. It is used to treat conditions such as indigestion, migraines, and menstrual cramping. The studies have also shown that it is beneficial in lowering the risk of Alzheimer’s. Thus, if you are at the high risk of getting this disease, include this spice to your diet.
10. Almonds Seeds
Almond seeds are famous for their medicinal benefits. These tiny magical nutrient-rich seeds pose gorgeous effect on the body in endless ways. Researches have proved that consuming almonds prevent memory loss and improve the cognitive abilities. They are rich in vitamin E and can fight dementia.
This magical herb is helpful in improving the cognition. If taken twice a day, it improves memory in the adults.
Other Ways to Fight Dementia Risk:
1. Exercise for Healthy Mind
Exercise is essential to maintain a healthy body and mind. Smoking, weight gain, and depression are the causes of dementia, but when you stay in shape, it helps you fight this disease.
2. Eat Right
Your mind gets affected by the food you consume. Healthy fats, vegetables, fruits, and lean nutrients give your brain the vital nutrients to lower the inflammation. It as offers the constant power source for your mind. The glial cells in the brain eliminate the toxins that play a significant role in the development of Alzheimer’s. The foods such as soy, blueberries, fatty fish, and other dark berries, green tea, ginger, protects the glial cells from damage.
3. Learn Something New
It is essential to learn something new every day to lower the risk of dementia. Studies have found that the brains that are active have less chance of developing Alzheimer’s later in life.
-Solve crossword puzzles
-Play memorization games on the computer
-Study a new language
-Play your favorite musical instrument
4. Take a nap in the sun
Just remember that sleep impact your thinking, memory, and mood- all of which are important for the health of the brain and prevents impairment. Some researchers have shown that vitamin D helps to lower Alzheimer’s risk. It activates the cellular signaling and clears out the plaque buildup.